Commercial capital: Dar es salaam
Tanzania's climate predominately tropical. Coastal areas are usually hot and humid, but on the beaches a sea breeze cools the air considerably. The average day temperature is 30 degrees centigrade. Tanzania has two rainy seasons-the long rains from late March to June and the short rains from November to January. The long rains pours in heavy downpours, often accompanied by violent storms, but the short rains tend to be much less-severe. The hottest time of the year is from December to March, before the long rains begin. The coolest months are June, July and August, when the weather is often overcast. In high-altitude areas such as Kilimanjaro and the Ngorongoro highlands, temperatures can fall below freezing.
A valid passport. Most visitors to Tanzania requires a visa to enter the country. Three-month single-entry tourist visas are available at Tanzanian embassies in your country, price subject to nationality.
Kiswahili and English
The Tanzania shillings (Tsh or TZS), divided in to 100 cents, is the national currency.
Banks and bureau de change are available at airports and in all major towns. Banking hours are from Monday-Friday 8:30am-3:00pm, Saturdays 8:30 am to 1:30 pm. A few branches in the major towns are open until 4:00 pm. Please note that banks are closed on Sundays and public holidays.
Credit cards and traveler's cheques
Credit cards (Access, Master Card, Visa, American-Express, and Euro card) are accepted only at major lodges and hotels. ATM and 24-hour cash machines are available in branches of major banks. Traveller's cheques in pounds sterling or US dollars are recommended, though it may be difficult to exchange them outside the main cities.
Local time is GMT+3
220 volts AC 50 Hz
International direct line is available. The country code for Tanzania is +255.The outgoing international call is 00 for the united states, or 000 for all other countries. Public call boxes in post offices and main towns operate on a card system, available from most small shops. Several cellular phone companies operate in Tanzania and roaming lines work near most major cities and towns. Internet Cafe are plentiful in major city centres.
Tanzania has a tropical climate and different bacteria, flora, and fauna than most visitors are accustomed to, so it is advisable to take a few precautions when traveling to make sure that your trip goes comfortably and smoothly as possible. Malaria is usually top on the list of visitors worries, and prevention goes a long way towards keeping you protected. Make sure to visit your doctor to get a prescription for the anti-malarial drugs that best suit you.
Tanzania is a safe country to travel in. Tanzanians are warm-hearted and generous people and are eager to help the visitors get the most out of their stay. Tanzania is a politically stable, multi-democratic country. As in all countries, a little common sense goes along way and reasonable precautions should still be taken, such as locking valuables in the hotel safe and not walking alone at night.